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43 .   Physico-chemical properties and fatty acid compositions of some edible pumpkin seed genotypes and oils

Authors: O. Turkmen, M. M. Ozcan, M. Seymen, M. Paksoy, N. Uslu, S. Fidan

Volume 23, Issue 4;
Pages: 229-235; 2017
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print) (former ISSN: 1453-1399), Agroprint;
ISSN (online): 2068-9551



Abstract:

Fatty acid composition, total phenol and antioxidant activities of pumpkin seeds were determined. While genotype 109 has the highest seed yield (144.2 kg/da), genotype 106 had the lowest seed yield (42.9 kg/da). In addition, genotype 109 had the highest yield of seed (43.74 g/da) and yield of seed per plant (57.70 g). Oil contents of pumpkin ranged from 31.60% to 38.60%. The fatty acid compositions of seed oils were oleic (31.65%-43.43%), linoleic (37.62% - 49.25%), palmitic (9.98% - 12.41%) and stearic acids (6.20% - 7.28%). The content of linoleic acid was found higher than that of content of oleic acid of the genotypes except genotype 106. The antioxidant activities of seeds were found between 5.44% and 17.75%. Total phenol contents of seeds were determined between 0.25 and 0.35 mg GAE/ 100ml.

Keywords: Breeding, Cucurbita pepo, edible pumpkin seed, oil, yield, fatty acid composition

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