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2019 Journal of Agroalimentary Processes and Technologies 2019, 25(4)
 
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88 .   Aluminium level in soil, fodders, cereals and some vegetables and fruits proceeded from aluminium industry areas

Authors: Mărioara Drugă, Alexandra Trif, M. Drugă, D. Ştef, Camelia Moldovan


Abstract:

Aluminium, the third most abundant element in the soil is ubiquitous in the biosphere being found in all forms of life on Earth. The goal of the study is to evaluate the contaminant potential of primary and secondary aluminium industry on soil, fodders, and plants for human consumption. The study was carried out in alumina plant surrounding areas and in primary and secondary aluminium industry areas. There was sampled soil from 0.5-1, 2.5-3 and 7-10 km (in alumina plant surrounding areas) and from 0.1, 0.5-1, 2-3, 6.5-7 and 9-10 km (in primary and secondary aluminium industry areas).At the same distance were drawned fodders and feeds of vegetable origine for human conumption. Conclusions: aluminium concentrations in plants for animal and human consumption in aluminium areas are inconstantly, but inverse correlated to the distance away the factories; aluminium level is higher than in not exposed to contamination risk areas; aluminium concentrations are the highest in the underground parts of plants (tuber, bulb, root); alumina industry has a higher contamination potential than aluminium primary and secondary industry emphasized by higher aluminium concentrations in vegetables.

Keywords: aluminium, plants, soil, industry areas

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