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22 .   Obtaining and characterization of Achillea millefolium L. extracts

Authors: Corina Iuliana Costescu, Bogdan Petru Rădoi, Nicoleta Gabriela Hădărugă, Alexandra Teodora Gruia, Adrian Riviş, Dorel PÔrvu, Ioan David, Daniel Ioan Hădărugă

Volume 20, Issue 2;
Pages: 142-149;
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print) (former ISSN: 1453-1399), Agroprint;
ISSN (online): 2068-9551



Abstract:

The paper presents the obtaining and characterization of some yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.) extracts, from various parts of plant. The yarrow essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation method and, in order to characterize them, they were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Essential oil extraction yields were in the range of 0.5-1.2%, the main compounds being cyclic monoterpenes (such as α- and β-pinene, β-phellandrene) and sesquiterpenes (caryophyllene, β-cubebene, and camazulene), as well as some related epoxides (eucalyptol, bisabolol-oxides). The highest concentration in yarrow flower extract was found for β-pinene and camazulene (17% and 13%, respectively), while for leaf extract the main compound was α-bisabolol. Camazulene was in very high concentration in yarrow root and steam extracts (34% and 46%, respectively).

Keywords: yarrow, Achillea millefolium L., essential oils, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, β-phellandrene, β-pinene, camazulene, α-bisabolol

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